Thailand – from filing to grant
Our patent attorneys are registered to practice before the Australian and New Zealand Patent Offices and they instruct patent attorneys registered before the Department of Intellectual Property on all aspects of Thai patent prosecution.
Thailand Patent Office
The government agency responsible for grant of patent rights in Thailand is the Department of Intellectual Property (DIP).
Key prosecution events
- Paris Convention filing: 12 months from earliest claimed priority
- PCT National phase entry: 30 months from earliest claimed priority
- Substantive examination request: within 5 years from publication in Thailand
- Divisional application: 120 days after the receipt date of an office action ordering same
National phase entry
A Thailand National patent application must be by 30 months of the earliest claimed priority date. View filing requirements for a Thai National phase application.
Thailand is also a contracting party to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. Consequently, a patent application can be validly filed in Thailand within 12 months of filing a corresponding priority application within any contracting member state of the Paris Convention. View filing requirements for a Thai Convention application.
Utility patents and 2nd tier protection
Petty patents are available in Thailand and provide a maximum 10 year term. They relate to inventions that are novel and susceptible to industrial application.
Examination, divisional applications and acceptance
After filing, applications for the grant of a patent in Thailand are first examined to ensure compliance with a number of formality requirements. Specifically, an application is examined to ensure that it is accompanied by all of the prescribed documents. An application will be considered to be abandoned if it does not meet all the formality requirements.
Once a patent application passes the formalities examination, the application will be published upon payment of the prescribed fee. Any interested party may, within 90 days of the date of publication of the application, file an opposition to the application. The application may be opposed. The applicant may file a counterstatement to the opponents’ notice of opposition within 90 days of receiving the notice.
Within 5 years of the date of publication of the patent application, the applicant must request substantive examination. If the patent application was the subject of opposition proceedings and if the opponent’s opposition has been rejected, the applicant must request substantive examination within one year of the date of the final decision on of the Director-General of the Patent Office. An application will be considered to be abandoned if the request for examination has not been made within the prescribed time limit.
Applications for the grant of a patent in Thailand are substantively examined as to novelty, inventive step, and industrial applicability. The following are unpatentable in Thailand:
- naturally occurring micro-organisms and their components, animals, plants or extracts from animals or plants;
- scientific or mathematical rules and theories;
- computer programs;
- methods of diagnosis, treatment or cure of human and animal diseases; and
- inventions contrary to public order, morality, health or welfare.
A patent application in Thailand may only relate to one invention, or a group of inventions so linked as to form a single inventive concept. If, during substantive examination, the unity of invention requirement is found not to be satisfied, the applicant is able to file divisional applications. Any divisional application must be filed within 120 days of receiving notice from the Patent Office of a unity of invention objection. A divisional application will retain the filing date of its parent application if it is filed within this 120 day period.
An applicant has 90 days to respond to official actions sent by the Patent Office. A further 90 day extension, and a final 30 day extension may be requested if required.
There are no procedures for 3rd party observations or re-examination in Thailand.
If the patent application satisfies all of the formality requirements, is not successfully opposed, and passes substantive examination, the Patent Office shall order the patent to be registered and granted and the applicant is to pay the prescribed grant fee.
Thailand is not a signatory to the Budapest treaty. However, the DIP generally applies the Treaty to applications relating to micro-organisms as if it was a signatory and so will nonetheless take the deposit into consideration when determining whether or not the description is sufficient.
There is no express statutory exclusion to patent eligibility of isolated nucleic acid molecules.
For details on the renewal requirements in Thailand, view South East Asia – Renewal Requirements.